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高考英语复习冲刺:2008年常考动词短语汇总

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高考英语复习冲刺:常考动词短语汇总
(一)
1.make sure确定;2.find out弄清楚;3.turn off关掉(灯、水龙头、煤气等);
4.turn on打开;5.follow one’s instruction听某人的指点;
6.come about产生(近义词come into being; give birth to);
7.ask---for---向----要/请求;8.change into变成; 9.explain sth to sb想某人解释;
10.have a good trip旅途愉快; 11.tie---to把---系到---上;12.take off起飞;脱掉;(反义词land .v着陆); 13.be made from用---制成(看不出原材料);be made of(看得出原材料);bemade into被制成;  14.get to 到达=reach=arrive in/at;15.break the rule违反规定; 16.knock down撞倒,拆除; 17.carry away使入迷,冲走; 18.cover with用----覆盖;  19.begin/start with以---开始;  20.make fun of取笑某人;  21.write to给---写信;  22.pick up拾起,接收,接送;  23.give advice提出建议;  24.go with与----相配;  25.set free释放;  26.break a way from摆脱;  27.join up联合;    28.be against反对;  29.be for支持;30.be tired of sth/doing sth对---厌烦;
31.get along/on with----进展得---; 32.take lies说谎;  33.take exercise锻炼;
34.look out/be careful/take care当心; 35.break out爆发; 36.get burnt被烧伤;
37.escape from逃跑;  38.worry about为---而担忧;  39.lose one’s life牺牲;
40.collect money for为---捐钱;  41.belong to 属于; 42.look well看起来气色不错;
43.call on sb拜访某人;  44.try on试穿;  45.pay back偿还;
46.lose one’s job失业; 47.sound like听起来像; 48.keep record保持纪录;
49.come across偶然碰见;50.cut down减少;51.make progress取得进步;
52.be forced/obliged/made to被迫;53.go on to do sth接着做另一件不同的事情;
54.go on doing接着做同一件事情;55.keep on doing sth继续作某事;
56.be sure of/about sth确信,肯定;57.translate----into---把---译成;
58.colse with以---结束;59.be puzzled感到迷惑不解;
60.be separated by被----所分离;61.separate----from把---和---分隔开来;
62.die of死于(病、情感、饥寒、年老等身体内部原因);die from死于(受伤、事故、严寒等身体外部原因);
63.keep in touch with保持联系;lose touch with失去联系;
64.lead/live a ----life过着----的生活;
65.play a part/role in起---的作用,扮演---的角色;
66.be fond of喜欢;67.get together聚会、聚欢;
68.feel like doing想要做;69.date from始于、起源于、追溯到;
70.be marked with被标上、标明有;71.make every effort尽力;
72.be busy doing sth忙于;73.research into研究、分析;74.hang up挂断电话、悬挂;
75.knock---out of---把---从---中敲出来、淘汰;76.point out指出、说明;
77.turn over打翻;78.go against违背、违反;79.give a talk做报告;
80.send out分发;     81.ring up给---打电话;
82.get through拨电话、完成、通过;     83.hold on别挂断;
(二)
1.be surprised at对---感到惊讶;2.be lucky to 碰巧;3.make up编造、弥补;
4.be an expert on/in在---方面是专家;5.burn down把---调小,拒绝;
6.have/take a look at看一看;7.get sth with sb随身携带;
8.have difficulty/trouble (in)doing sth做某事有困难
9.have the idea of有---的念头;
10.provide sb with sth/ provide sth for sb给---提供---;
11.supply sb with sth/supply sth to sb把---供给;
12.come to大道,共计;13.have no luck/bad luck运气不好;
14.be well-known as以---身份而闻名;15.be pleased with对---感到满意;
16.join the line/queue排队;17.go on a visit to去---参观;
18.be angry with sb对某人生气;19.get a wonderful view获得很好的视角;
20.work by=controlled by由---控制;21.burn sth down烧毁、烧塌;
22.compare---to/with同----相比;23.give up放弃;24.carry out实施;
25.take the drug服药;26.be/get used to习惯于;27.call for需要;
28.stop/keep/prevent sb from doing sth阻止某人做某事;
29.put up张贴,住宿;30.take---for example以---为例;
31.shake hands with与---握手;32.get ready for为----做好准备;
33.put up one’s hand举手;34.look up查看;35.take pictures/photos of照相;
36.hand sth to sb将某物地给某人;37.develop the films/photos冲洗胶卷/相片;
38.be popular with sb受某人欢迎;   39.fill in填;
40.keep up with保持与----同样的速度;41.put on船上、表演;
42.be uncertain about对---没有把握;43.be honoured for因为----而获得赞誉;
44.pick up采集、拾起;45.run after追赶、追求;46.bring up培养,教育;
47.be on show在展出;48.make contributions to为---做出贡献;
49.think of象棋、考虑;50.fill---with把---里面放满---;
51.make use of利用;52.offer sb a lift home捎带某人回家;
53.clear up=tidy up整理、收拾;54.ought to应该;55.take it easy别紧张;
56.give first aid实施急救;57.hold up阻挡;58.come to恢复知觉;
59.have a day off休假一天;60.be present出席;61.die out灭绝;
62.cause damage to对---造成损坏;63.give back归还;
64.put sb to the trouble of doing sth麻烦某人做某事;
65.apologize to sb for (doing) sth因某事向某人道歉;66.be after寻求;
67.get off脱下;68.depend on依靠、相信;69.put down记下;70.do up系紧;
71.come off从---脱落;72.be suitable for适合;73.be anxious about为---而忧虑;
74.wash away冲走75.press against one’s foot挤脚;76.be likely to do很有可能;
77.get everything back to normal是一切恢复正常;
78.push over推倒;79.wake up醒来;80.bring down使倒下;81.cut off切断;
82.call in召集;83.cut through剪断、穿过;84.take the place of代替;
85.see to照料、注意;86.make noise吵闹、发出嘈杂声;87.stare at凝视;
88.bend over俯身于---的前方;89.fall over跌倒;90.speed up加速;
91.fight for为---而战斗;92.lead to导致;93.praise sb for sth因某事表扬某人;
94.take----nationality入---国籍;95.be bent on doing sth专心致志地做某事;
96.compare notes商量,交换意见;97.put an end to结束、停止;
98.get sth ready准备某东西;99.fold up折叠起来;
100.connect to接在---上,连在----上
(三)
1.look into调查研究;2.keep out of防治,避免;3.be filed with充满,装满;
4.send up使上升,发射5.put away收拾起来;6.remember sb to sb代---向---问好;
7.pay/make a visit to拜访,参观;8.be well-known to为---所熟知;
9.be supposed to应该,理应;10.break into破门而入,闯入;11.send for派人去请;
12.leave school毕业;13.hold one’s breach屏住呼吸14.be made up of有---组成;
15.take in吸收,吸入;16.go off熄灭,消失; 17.search for搜,找寻;
18.put in插嘴;19.vote for投票赞成;
20.have/do/perform an operation on对---走手术;21.play on words说俏皮话;
22.leave for出发去某地;23.be in time for及时赶到;
24.treat----as把---作为---对待 25.be bad for对---不利;26.come up产生,上升;
27.set an example to sb为某人树立了榜样;28.go on继续;
29.put/cast/throw/send/take sb. In prison把某人关进监狱30.get on上(车,马等);
31.give in让步,投降;32.turn out生产,结果证明;
33.be determined to do sth决心做某事;34.come true实现;
35.do well in在---做得好;36.join sb in doing sth和某人一起做某事;
37.start/begin with从---开始;38.have/get/catch a cold患感冒;
39.light a fire点火;40.be afraid of畏惧,害怕;41.take up拿起,占据;
42.burn sth to the ground分为平地;43.hear from受到---的来信;
44.persuade sb to do sth说服某人做某事;45.be eager to do sth渴望做某事;
46.have a word with sb和某人说句话;47.thank sb for doing sth感谢某人某事;
48.turn into变成;49.be due to由于,因为;
50.remind sb of doing sth提醒某人想起某事;
51.have/take a look at对---瞧一眼;52.cut up切碎;
53.say good-bye to sb向某人道别;54.be open to 向---开放;
55.ring sb back给某人回电话;56.drop in at a place顺便拜访某地;
57.do with兑付,处置;58.blow out吹灭;59.come around/round来访;
60.help out支援,帮助克服困难;61.live on靠吃---生活,靠---维持生活;
62.play a trick on sb捉弄某人 63.tear sth into pieces把某物撕成碎片;
64.be remembered as作为-----被铭记; 65.work on继续工作,努力做;
66.work at从事,用功; 67.devote one’s life to把生命贡献给----;
68.go over跃过,温习; 69.have ----to do with和---有关;
70.give off发出; 71.go by走过,流逝;72.set off动身,出发;
73.pay off还清;74.insist on坚持(做某事,认为);
75.stick to坚持(原则,诺言,思想、论点等)  76.fall ill得病;
77.prepare for为----准备;  78.take----by surprise出其不意的袭击;
(四)
1.take an interest in对---感兴趣;2.set out动身,开始;3.set sail启航,扬帆;
4.be worth值得;5.end to以----结尾;6.feed on以----为主食;
7.be known as作为---而出名;8.hand down传下来;
9.be/become experienced at/in在---有经验;10.be intended for为---而---;
11.give birth to生产;12.keep out防治;13.round up把---集中在一起;
14.take sb’s order请---点菜;15.earn one’s living谋生;
16.make sense讲得通,能被理解;17.agree with同意(某人意见,看法);
18.go with与---同行;19.think up想出,编造;20.try out试验;
21.question sb on/about sth询问某人某事;22.get rid of摆脱;
23.break up分裂;24.break down分解;25.take down拆除,取下;
26.be skilled at/in擅长于;27.waste---in doing sth.浪费----做某事;
28.keep off远离;29.fail to pieces垮台;30.watch over看守;
31.carry on继续下去;32.take on呈现;
33.get in渗入,收获;go on a tour of漫游;
34.keep one’s word/promise信守诺言;35.come up走过来,发芽;
36.take charge of掌管;37.do exercises做练习,锻炼38.knock into撞倒;
39.lose one’s voice失音;40.be proud of为---感到骄傲/自豪;
41.turn up到场,开大点;42.be safe with sb秘密;43.hold out伸出;
44.be perfect for对于----是十分理想的,完美无缺的;
45.break off突然停止,打断;46.find oneself发现自己处于某种状态,不自觉地;
47.be in love with与---恋爱;48.make a promise许诺;
49.argue about sth议论;     50.take one’s seat就做;
51.take away from从----拿走; 52.be seated/seat oneself做下;
53.use one’s head动脑筋;54.do ---deed做---事;55.keep up保持,维持;
56.show off炫耀,表现自己;57.lie in在于;58.go to sleep睡着;
59.have no choice but to do 别无选择,只好---;
60.pass through通过,穿过;  61.get through通过,穿过;
62.go through经历,遭受;    63.turn a way不理睬;
64.take possession of夺取,占有;
65.leave---behind留下,遗留;
66.have an effect upon/on heart对---有影响;
67.hit sb on the head大众谋人的头;68.be held prisoner被监禁;
69.become of发生;70.give out分发;71.pass down传下来;
72.go back to追溯到;73.dip into蘸,浏览;74.come to 碰到;
75.look out for寻找,照料;  76.refer to指---而言;
77.look over审阅,检查,打量;78.talk through讨论(经过充分考虑);
79.get on/along(with sb/sth或in sth)相处如何,进展如何;
80.show sb around带领某人参观;81.have a gift on有---的才能;
82.call in请进,找来;
83.bring ---into/in touch with是---触摸,接触,认识;
84.look back upon/on回顾,回想过去;85.get back取回;
86.owe sth to sb欠某人某物,把---归功于/归因于;
(五)
1.rush sb off the feet事忙得不可开交;2.make a change进行改变;
3.take action采取行动;4.fix up修理,安排;
5.sign an agreement with sb和某人签署协定;
6.make a/be home to成为----的家园;7.take a degree攻读/获得学位;
8.share the memories of共同怀念;9.keep---alive是----延续下去;
10.make up编造,化妆,占;
11.insist on doing sth坚决做某事;
12.turn to转向,查阅,求助于;13.work on从事于;
14.be honoured as被誉为----;15.demand an end to要求结束;
16.make political points发表政治言论;17.experiment with体验,试用;
18.make personal gain from从---中赚得个人利益;
19.reach out for设法获得;20.take up arms to do 拿起武器;
21.mean by是何意;22.leave---in peace别打扰;23.build up增强;
24.divide up分,分配;   25.check out检查;
26.look into the case调查这个案子;     27.leave over遗留;
28.communicate with与---交际/通信;   29.make a circle转圈;
30.be close to靠近;    31.perform/do a dance跳舞;
32.troop behind成群跟在后边;33.make a beeline径直去;
34.head straight upwards头径直朝上;35.do research into对---进行研究;
36.care for喜欢;37.be attacked by受---攻击;38.set---on fire放火烧;
39.be lost迷路;40.follow the shape of依----的形状;
41.have no hope of不抱---的希望;42.be beginning to do将开始做;
43.clear up放晴,整理;44.point to指着;45.stay the night过夜;
46.find ones way到达;47.turn to sb for support求某人予以支持;
48.end up结束;49.suit----to 使---适合;50.have skills with有---的技能;
51.rely on依赖;52.congratulate sb on sth祝贺某人某事;
53.open up打开;54.apply for申请;55.be conceited骄傲自满;
56.share in分享/担;57.work out解决;
 

2007年高考英语增加93个新单词(附新增词汇)
高三老师和学生期盼已久的北京版高考说明今天终于面世,除了此前考试院透露的语文背诵篇目变化。今年英语新增词汇表也新鲜出炉。
  在《2006年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试北京卷说明》的基础上新添了93个单词,这些单词主要为科技、奥运、社交、学术、礼仪类单词。
  精华学校复读班英语老师王晓慧分析:今年考试说明比去年更详细,考查目标更明确。今年对听、读、写的考试都规定了具体目标,如听的目标有四条:归纳话语主旨要义;获取有助于完成听力人物的事实性信息;根据所获取信息进行推断;理解说话者意图、观点态度。写的要求:恰当运用不同文体完成书面交际任务,恰当运用词汇语法知识,清楚连贯表达观点态度。读的要求包括“理解归纳语篇主旨要义”等六方面。
  今年英语作文仍考两篇,一篇是情景作文,题目会给一些提示、说明;另一篇是开放性作文,给图或给材料。今年英语单词增加了93个。
  链接:93个新词汇
      abstract academic album
  anniversary appearance arrest aspect belly budget cancer cash casual climate coach comedy concrete confirm
  consume countryside crash
  credit deadline deserve
  destination distinguish
  document earthquake
  electronic exit failure file
  foggygenerous harmony hesitate innocent instant Internet keyboard license medal media misunderstand mobile Ms noodle novel occupation Olympics optimistic panic passport performance phenomenon principle promote range react reception reform register reliable remote
  reputation reserve rob
  sacrifice satellite scholarship select selfish significance
  slimsolar stadium
  strawberry style supermarket switch symbol talent target technology teenager
  temporary trend typical
  underground urban victim visa weekday witness
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